Tubectomy or Tubal Ligation
What is Tubectomy?
Over the years, Tubectomy has become an increasingly prevalent form of contraception in India. Also called as Tubal Ligation, this surgical procedure is carried out to ensure that the fallopian tubes in your body are blocked-clamped, sealed or severed. The main aim of this surgery is to prevent the sperm from reaching the egg to fertilise it. It is a permanent method of sterilisation and there is no going back.
What is the Procedure of Tubectomy?
Tubal ligation may be done while you’re recovering from vaginal childbirth (using a small incision under the navel called a mini-laparotomy) or during a cesarian or C-section delivery. It can also be carried out as an outpatient procedure (interval tubal ligation) that is separate from childbirth. An interval tubal ligation is usually done with a laparoscope – a thin tube equipped with a camera lens and light under short acting general anaesthesia. The complete procedure is carried out in an operation theatre. However, it is advised that the risk of complications during surgery are higher if you undergo tubal ligation surgery when you have had previous pelvic or abdominal surgery.
Is There Any Way to Reverse the Procedure?
A tubectomy is a permanent form of contraception for women, and there is no going back. It is a permanent method of birth control. However, there are instances where women tend to ask for a reversal. In such a case, surgery will need to be carried out. However, they are not guaranteed of a successful reversal. Some studies have shown that tubal reversal, a microsurgery that reverses the effect of a Tubectomy, has shown a successful reversal. However, the pregnancy rate post the reversal is quite low.